Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a term used to refer to a group of eye diseases that cause damage to the optic nerve, leading to peripheral vision loss and potential blindness. Most types of glaucoma are due to the pressure in the eye being too high. Unfortunately, there is no cure for glaucoma, but there are treatments available to help manage the condition and prevent vision loss. These treatments include using eye drops to lower the pressure in the eye and possible laser surgery. People with early glaucoma often have no symptoms; hence the importance of periodic dilated eye examinations.

Did you know…

that glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in the United States? It accounts for approximately 10 percent of all cases of total vision loss. The disease can strike anyone at anytime, although significant risk factors include age, race, family history and high nearsightedness. More than 2 million Americans are believed to live with glaucoma, although only 50 percent have received a diagnosis.

Frequently Asked Questions

Should I see a Dallas eye doctor about glaucoma testing?

Your eye doctor should perform a routine glaucoma screening at your periodic eye exams. However, you should see your eye doctor if you notice changes in your vision, such as blurring or halos when you look at lights. There are several tests available to screen for glaucoma, including intraocular pressure testing and visual field testing. These screenings are painless, but could make it possible to diagnose and treat glaucoma in its earliest stages.

What should I expect during glaucoma treatment?

Treatment for glaucoma depends on the severity of the disease. If your Dallas eye doctor diagnoses you with the disease, you may begin with a conservative treatment regimen of medicated eye drops or medications that help reduce pressure in your eye. If these types of treatments are ineffective, your eye doctor may recommend a more aggressive treatment plan that includes a surgery to relieve excess fluids from the eye.

Will I need to follow any special instructions during treatment?

If you are taking medications or eye drops to alleviate pressure in your eyes, it is important that you do so according to your eye doctor’s instructions. If you undergo surgical treatment for glaucoma, you will need to adhere to a strict set of post-operative instructions in the days and weeks after your procedure. For example, you will need to wear an eye patch for the first 24 hours after your procedure, and avoid getting water or other substances in your eyes.  Expect to feel some increased sensitivity in your eye, as well as a ‘scratchy’ sensation.